Taking care of your skin is an art that requires you to know a little bit about your skin type. Not all skin types are the same, and so do their needs. This is why it is important to understand your skin and curate a care routine that specifically works for you. So, let’s learn how I know my skin type and care for it.

What are the Different Types of Skin?

Every person has a different skin type, but while reading along the spectrum of various skin types, you can identify where you fit the most. The three main skin types are oily, dry, and combination. But here, we will cover other uncommon skin types as well. 

1. Dry skin

Dry skin feels itchy or tight throughout the day. The major signs include flakiness, itchiness, tightness, and sensitivity. Dry skin needs to be constantly moisturized to compensate for water loss. Avoid harsh formulations or abrasive exfoliators. Instead, try gentle, non-abrasive ingredients that won’t disrupt your skin’s natural oils. Mild face gel is highly recommended to hydrate dry and rashes-prone skin. 

2. Oily skin 

Oily skin is when sebaceous glands produce too much oil on the facial canvas. You likely use mattifying powders or blotting sheets more often than usual. Even the makeup you apply seems to wash away within hours. The only best part about having oily skin is that it looks soft and young because it has more natural moisture. 

While taking care of oily skin, ensure that you wash your day with a gentle cleanser. It helps pull out impurities and unclog pores while revealing a healthy glow. If you have oily skin, using a face toner is also important to balance the skin’s pH. 

3. Combination skin 

If your skin shows a mix of dry and oily, it is likely a combination skin type. It is excessively oily on the T-zone and dry in the remaining parts of the facial canvas. You may have no acne on your cheeks since the skin in this area is well moisturized. Caring for combination skin could thus be quite tricky. The best way to tackle this issue is to use a non-comedogenic face cleanser or a face moisturizer with a gel-like consistency. 

4. Sensitive skin

Many people can have sensitive skin, which is quite challenging to take care of. It requires consistent TLC and a dedicated routine to prevent irritation or inflammation. Use only one formulation at a time to make caring for sensitive skin easier. Always patch-test a product on your inner foreman to minimize the potential reactions on your facial skin. 

Skincare experts suggest avoiding chemicals or toxins such as sulfates, parabens, synthetic fragrances, mineral oil, phthalates, or mineral oils. It is much better to use safe and gentle skincare products or formulations that won’t put your skin at risk. 

5. Mature skin

Like sensitive skin, mature skin can be oily, dry, or both. It is not a skin type but a condition in which collagen and elastin that makeup skin are denatured with age. As a result, you may experience wrinkles, fine lines, and skin sagging. When you have sensitive skin, focusing on hydration and using anti-aging skincare products is important.

How to find your Skin type?

You can use a bare-face method to determine your skin type. Cleanse your facial skin well and pat it dry. Let your skin be bare for 30 minutes, and then examine your cheeks, nose, chin, and forehead. You likely have dry skin if it feels stretchy, even after half an hour. Combination skin is oily on the T-zone only, while oily skin is shiny on the cheeks. 

Basic 4-step skincare routine for every skin type

A basic skincare routine is essential for keeping healthy skin, regardless of skin type. Here is a simple and effective routine that everyone can follow:

  1. Cleansing: 

It starts with cleansing your skin twice daily to avoid environmental tolls. Dust, pollutants, and oil may wreak havoc on your skin, so ensure that you cleanse your face before applying any other product. We recommend using Mamaearth vitamin c foaming face wash for the best results. It removes dirt and undoes the effects of environmental damage on the skin.

Recommended Product

Vitamin C Foaming Face Wash

Deeply Cleanses | Brightens Skin | Makes Skin Glow

  1. Toning:

Toning is yet another step beneficial for maintaining the acidic state of your skin. It balances pH, unclogs pores, and brightens tone. Mamaearth Vitamin C Face Toner also improves hydration levels while drawing out impurities from the pores. To use it, pour a gentle amount of face toner on a cotton gauze or pad and gently swipe it over your face or neck for lustrous skin.

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Vitamin C Face Toner

Tightens Open Pores | Restores Skin’s pH Balance

  1. Moisturizing: 

The third most essential step in skin care is moisturizing. Every skin type, including oily or mature skin, needs a nourishing face moisturizer to seal in moisture to the cells. However, we recommend choosing a moisturizer that is non-comedogenic and hydrating. Here our best take is a Vitamin C Oil-Free Face Moisturizer with Vitamin C and Gotu Kola. Its non-sticky formulation works well for all skin types.

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Vitamin C Oil-Free Moisturizer

Non-Sticky Moisturization | Restores Radiance

  1. Treatment:

You may want to uphaul your skincare routine for specific skin concerns such as premature aging, acne, and dullness. The best skin care products are face serums, sheet masks, and essential oils. They can also be used in combination with your existing skincare steps, promising a host of benefits. For instance, Mamaearth’s Retinol Face Cream is an absolute must-have for youthful skin, and rightfully so. 

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Retinol Night Cream

Reduces Fine Lines & Wrinkles | Evens Skin Tone

  1. Exfoliation: 

Weekly exfoliation outweighs the benefits of any other skincare product. Without shedding the dead layer off, your skin may appear rough or uneven and not allow other products to seep well. So use a safe and gentle face scrub as per your skin type to get a brighter tone with each usage. We recommend exfoliating your facial skin once or twice a week.

Tip: Apart from all these steps, hydrating your skin using a face mask is also essential. It is ideal for all skin types, whether dry, oily, or sensitive. 

Sometimes your skin type may change owing to several factors, so if you’re worried, “Why did my skin type change from oily to dry?”. The answer is that changes in weather, genetics, hormonal balance, and even aging can affect your skin. Keeping this thing in mind will help you make any adjustments to your existing skincare routine. 


  1. How do I know my exact skin type?

    You can use blotting paper to know your skin type. The method involves blotting paper and patting it on the different areas of your face. Hold the sheet towards the light to know how much oil is visible. If the paper shows little or no oil, you have dry skin. If the paper shows too much oil, you likely have oily skin.

  2. What are the four types of skin?

    The four main types of skin are Oily, Dry, Combination, and Normal.

  3. What's better- dry or oily skin?

    There's no comparison between different skin types since each has its own set of benefits. However, the best part about having oily skin is that it looks younger, softer, and healthier because of the natural moisture. 

  4. What are the seven types of skin?

    There are generally three types of skin, oily, dry, and combination. However, other uncommon types include mature, sensitive, and scaly skin.

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