Pigmentation refers to the natural color tone of our skin, and it is usually not a problem unless you confuse it with hyperpigmentation. The latter refers to the darkening of the skin tone due to prolonged exposure to the sun’s UV rays, ill-advised use of chemically-enriched skincare products, and a combination of other interrelated factors. 

We are discussing the causes and remedies of hyperpigmentation on the skin. This topic is of special significance in the scenarios wherein one may find one’s skin tone undergoing significant or even drastic changes owing to the above factors. However, to minimize skin blemishes, it is important to find out the meaning of pigmentation (and hyperpigmentation). These two terms are often used interchangeably as they imply a change in the skin’s natural color due to external factors.

We shall explain pigmentation and what exactly triggers skin discoloration in this blog. We will also run through its meaning, causes, and possible results in detail in later sections. In addition, we would also top the discussion by mentioning how you may eliminate these issues by following some precautions and using some toxin-free skincare products.

Smart Tip: You may try Mamaearth Bye Bye Blemishes Face Cream to reduce pigmentation and blemishes.

(Hyper)Pigmentation on the Skin: Meaning and Implications

We have explained above what pigmentation is. It is related to a usual and natural production of some coloring pigments in our skin called melanin that helps us have our usual skin tone. However, its excessive production causes the darkening of the skin, a phenomenon called hyperpigmentation. It is visible in certain irregularities and visibly different skin conditions. 

Note: These dark spots are contagious and may keep clustering in patches. They can be aggravated by hormonal changes or exposure to the sun’s UV rays.

The pigmentation on the skin signifies the natural pigment of the skin. However, it is hyperpigmentation that leaves stubborn marks or patches and causes scaly and uneven skin texture. The condition of skin discoloration occurs in different sizes. The stats show that women in their thirties are more likely to develop hyperpigmentation due to hormonal changes or long-term use of oral contraceptives. 

Even when dark spots are caused due to hormonal changes, experts suggest wearing sunblock always. Here ‘always’ stands for every time, even in winter or rainy season. Moreover, using harsh chemicals on the face for a long time may also cause skin conditions, and hyperpigmentation is one of them. So, it is better to avoid using products like hair removal cream, wax, etc. Opting for sunblock or SPF-based sunscreen would help as it would create a layer on the skin that helps stop the UV rays from entering the skin cells.

Major Types of Hyperpigmentation

Here are the most commonly found and most majorly known types of hyperpigmentation:

  • Matured skin spots
  • Melasma
  • Freckles
  • Solar Lentigines (sunspots)
  • Post-acne spots
  • Post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation

Causes for Pigmentation on Face 

There could be several reasons that may affect your skin’s natural color, tone, and texture. They comprise a mix of internal (physical, mental, and hormonal) and external (environmental and seasonal) factors. Here’s a rundown of the leading causes of pigmentation on the face:

  • Excessive usage of harsh chemical-laden skincare products
  • The major shift in hormone levels 
  • Excessive exposure to UV rays
  • Medical treatments or specific drugs 
  • Lack of care for skin health 
  • Absence of SPF in a skincare routine 
  • Delayed treatment of acne and pimples 

The sooner you start to treat it, the better it is!

Whatever skin troubles you are battling now, it is important to look for other skin conditions like acne marks, Melasma, hyperpigmentation, and textured skin. Such issues may become prominent with time if left untreated. In addition, untreated sun bums on the face may contribute hugely to unfadable blemishes or dark spots. 

Discoloration of the skin results from many factors, but delayed or uninformed treatment may invite a lot of other related skin concerns. Women often experience different skin conditions during pregnancy, thyroid, or Menopause. Melasma is the most common skin condition women face during pregnancy, and the postpartum period may up the intensity of its spread. 

The remaining cases are a sheer example of how much UV rays can damage the skin. There are many types of pigmentation treatments available that may help manage skin pigmentation. However, you should take expert advice before proceeding with any such treatment plan. It ranges from chemical peel to laser therapy to Intense pulsed light. However, these treatments should be opted for under the supervision of skin care experts and according to skin concerns. 

Many reports suggest that excessive exposure to ultraviolet rays is the prime reason for pigmentation on the face. In addition, it worsens blemishes like dark patches, unevenness, and scaly skin conditions. Therefore, it is better to stay protected from damaging UV rays. Moreover, other than certain medical conditions, remember to add SPF to your daily routine to lessen the chances of attracting dark spots. 

Did you know? Genetic factors affect the number of melanocytes in your skin, the melanin-producing cells. However, skin tanning and hyperpigmentation are the skin conditions that occur due to the changes in melanosomes. Melanosomes are the organelles that hold melanin.

How to Remove Pigmentation?

  • Buy sunscreen with broader sun protection (SPF 30 or more). 
  • Never rely on the SPF enriched in a moisturizer, as SPF needs to be applied separately.
  • Never delay treating skin conditions like acne, pimples, or textured skin.
  •  Wear wide-brimmed hats and sunglasses if stepping out in peak-sunny hours.
  • Always invest in safe and gentle exfoliators to shed dead skin layers more effectively.
  • Use Turmeric, Mulberry Extract, Squalene, and Retinol to restore the skin’s natural radiance.
  • Ditch junk food from your diet and add antioxidant-enriched foods.
  • Learn to de-stress yourself by doing yoga, meditation, and physical exercises. 
  • Be consistent with your CTM routine and add some effective actives to your skincare routine
  • Stay hydrated, be kind with your sleep cycle, and add veggies and fruits to your diet.
  • Consulting with a dermatologist also helps.
Aloe Vera Face Serum

Aloe Vera Face Serum

Hydrates | Boosts Collagen | Reduces Pigmentation

What is the Best Treatment For Pigmentation on Face? 

Chemical peels are considered a promising solution for face pigmentation. It involves peeling off the uppermost layer of skin to allow newer skin cells to erupt. With this therapy, you will see noticeable changes in your skin texture as it helps eliminate excessive melanin from the skin.

Here are some of the best treatments for treating pigmentation on the face:

1. Laser pigmentation

In this procedure, the laser works on the pigmented lesion in the skin without causing any disruption in the skin’s pH and moisture level. 

2. Intense Pulse Light

It works on brown spots by selectively heating the pigment and lifting the affected area to the epidermis. It promotes the body’s natural exfoliation process by removing the discolored area.

In regular microdermabrasion, the treatment is performed on sun-damaged skin. The procedure involves eradicating unwanted pigment spots from the skin. It is considered one of the most performed pigmentation treatments for skin discoloration.

The success of such treatments depends on the individual’s skin concerns, texture, and tolerance. In addition, it is critical to stick to hydrating products to help with your post-care. Skin discoloration can easily crawl back by forming little spots on the skin. So, it is important to be aware of your treatment process and do the post-care accordingly.

Ingredients for Hyperpigmentation

You may be wondering about how you may get rid of pigmentation in a more effortless and effective manner. Well, there are some effective ingredients that help fight hyperpigmentation. You may also buy skincare products specially formulated for such skin concerns. So, let’s learn about some commonly advised remedies for pigmentation control. We recommend you use them (or products containing them) after consulting a skincare expert.

  • Retinol
  • Licorice Extract
  • Tea Tree
  • Turmeric 
  • Honey
  • Vitamin C
  • Squalane
  • Kojic acid
  • Mulberry extracts 
  • Bakuchi 

Personalized Skincare Routine for Pigmentation

1. Tea Tree Face Wash

The most powerful way to outdo skin woes is practicing a double cleansing routine, even if you prefer to stay indoors. Our face is home to unseen germs and bacteria that may cause several issues. Therefore, it is advised to use a cleanser with antibacterial and anti-inflammatory properties.

Tea Tree Face Wash

Tea Tree Face Wash

Combats Acne | Purifies Skin | Antibacterial

At Mamaearth, we have added the goodness of Tea Tree, Neem, and Aloe Vera to make this pure and gentle pigmentation face wash. It effectively pulls out the acne-causing bacteria and delivers moisture, glow, and nourishment to keep skin healthy. 

2. Bye Bye Blemishes Cream

Bye Bye Blemishes Cream is a gentle solution for skin troubles like dark spots, excess pigmentation, and irritated skin barrier. Formulated with a matte-finish consistency and lightweight formulation, this face cream soaks up extra oil without removing moisture.

Bye Bye Blemishes Face Cream

Bye Bye Blemishes Face Cream

Evens Skin Tone | Non-Greasy | Reduces Dark Spots